The main goal of the SRO is to prevent juvenile
delinquency by promoting relations between youth and law enforcement.
The SRO position encompasses three major components allowing the SRO to
achieve this goal - law enforcement, education, and counseling. These 3
components allow the SRO to take a proactive approach to law
enforcement. SRO’s are not just “cops” on campus. They teach law related
education and other relevant topics, they counsel students on various
concerns, provide a safe, secure campus and are involved in the
student’s lives as a positive role model. The intent is that the
positive experiences officers have with the students will bridge the gap
between law enforcement and the youth of our community.
The School Resource Officer will serve as liaison,
between the Police Department, the Board of Education and the Schools
providing an information link regarding problems, possible solutions
and/or ways to work more effectively together. The SRO will promote
positive police-community relations, maintain a “service-oriented”
policy on and off campus, and make presentations to school and civic
groups as requested.
The SRO is available to answer your child's questions
and concerns. Parents are encouraged to contact the SRO in an attempt to
assist in potential problems that the family may be experiencing.
Cpl Duff Manners was born and raised in Jacksonville, AL. He attended
the Jacksonville City School System, and then went to college at
Jacksonville State University. After graduating with a Criminal Justice
degree from JSU, Cpl Manners was hired in January 1983 as a police
officer for the city he always wanted to work for.
Cpl Manners was assigned to the Jacksonville City School System back
in 1998 as the second school resource officer. Due to funding issues in
early 2005, when the Sgt, who was assigned to the school system as a
"DARE Officer" retired, Cpl Manners had to take up the slack and handle
both the elementary and the high school duties.
What are the School Resource
By working closely with the students SRO's are
able to build a rapport with the students. SRO's are more
approachable and become a source for questions and advice.
When developing this program the
Jacksonville Police Department adopted a "triad" approach.
This concept has been widely accepted as the model for
school based officers. The triad concept divides the SRO's responsibilities into three areas: Teacher,
Counselor, and Law Enforcer.
SRO's teach Law Related Education (LRE)
to students. Some examples of LRE topics are:
- Juvenile Rights
- Substance Abuse
- Today's Runaway
- Fighting Hate Crimes
- The Juvenile Justice System
- The Criminal Justice System
- History of Law Enforcement
- English - Professional Writing Skills
- Math - Accident Investigation, Computer Crime
- Science - Forensics, DNA Evidence, Ballistics , Accident
- Drivers Education - Mock Accidents, DUI Awareness, Defensive
- Government and Law - Search & Seizure, Criminal Law,
Juvenile Law, Consumer Law etc.
- Physical Education/Health - Personal Safety, Sexual Assault
Awareness, Conflict Resolution, Domestic Violence Awareness
The SRO is a resource for faculty, students and parents,
providing informal counseling and/or advice. These officers have
received extensive training regarding programs and services
available to handle problems and conflicts. Getting the right kind
of help to those that need it is one of the SRO's highest
Law Enforcer -
Any criminal or law related issue that arises on campus is the
SRO's responsibility. In many ways his/her school is no different
than any other patrol beat. Whether it is child abuse, truancy,
disorderly conduct, theft, or some type of assault, the SRO is there
to handle it quickly and professionally. SRO's work closely with
school administration in these issues.
The SRO is
charged with proactively addressing the crimes that occur on campus,
both through education and through special projects or programs.
Every school is different, so each SRO must tailor his/her projects
to both the problem and the school.
Mostly within the Elementary School
and early high school, the SRO Programs, have
become a focal point of the program. SRO's have the opportunity to
form lasting impressions on young people. To help students succeed,
the SRO provides guidance, tutoring, and coaching to students with
special needs or problems.
Problem Solver & Liaison to the Community -
are a resource to citizens who may have questions or problems relating
to students. By working closely with the community SRO's are able to
focus on problem areas. Some of the frequent complaints around schools
- Traffic violations
Law Enforcement Specialist -
SRO's are fully sworn peace officers. They
also receive additional training specific to their position in the
schools. This training helps maximize the officer's effectiveness in
the school setting.
Safety Advisor -
SRO's and school administrators work closely
together in providing a safe environment for students. SRO's assist
the school in developing and improving crisis plans, evacuations and
other situations that are a safety concern.
Association Links -
www.nasro.org - National
Association of School Resource Officer
www.taasro.org - The Alabama
Association of School Resource Officer
Jacksonville School System
http://www.secretservice.gov/ntac/ssi_final_report.pdf -Stop School Violence
Stop Bullying in Alabama